Key Lists ↑

Psychological Needs - DRAMMA Model

aka: DRAMMA Model

See “Need Satisfaction and Optimal Functioning at Leisure and Work: A Longitudinal Validation Study of the DRAMMA Model.”

Also see this story in The Atlantic.


1. Detachment

Detachment happens when we mentally disengage from work.

2. Relaxation

Relaxation involves doing activities that demand very little effort.

3. Autonomy - DRAMMA

Autonomy has us dictate our own schedules.

Also see autonomy.

4. Mastery - DRAMMA

Mastery refers to experiences that build a sense of competence.

Also see mastery.

5. Meaning

Meaning is a sense of a purpose.

6. Affiliation

Affiliation refers to connection with others.


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